This page contains some useful information to help with bird identification.


The Bird Identification Sequence Diagram provides a roadmap for identification using size, beak, color, breast feathers and other bird characteristics.


The Roadside Silhouettes document shows 28 different bird silhouettes to help with identification.


Dr. Dan Scheiman, Director of Bird Conservation at Audubon Arkansas, has prepared five documents to help with identification of several groups of birds. Unlike field guides which give all of the birds of the Eastern United States, Dan's documents include only Arkansas birds. For instance, if you think you see a specific sparrow, but do not find that species on Dan's list, you are unlikely to see it in Arkansas. Thanks to Dan for sharing these useful identification guides with us!



Size Consider

Hummingbird, Kinglet

Small Warblers, Sparrows, Wren
Medium Flycatcher, Thrushes, Finches
Large Jay, Woodpeckers, Grackles
Very Large                    Crow, Hawks, Owls, Ducks
Beak Food Consider
Narrow, sharp Insect Eaters          Warblers, Bluebird
Broad, heavy Seed Eaters Cardinal, Sparrows
Curved Predators Hawks, Owls, Eagles
Very long, sharp           Predators Herons, Kingfisher
Flat Waterfowl Ducks, Geese
Color Predominant      Consider
Yellow Finches
Blue Jay, Bunting
Red Cardinal, Tanager
Black Crow, Grackles
Gray Warblers, Flycatchers
Brown Sparrows, Hawks, Wren
Breast Feathers           Consider
Solid Sparrows, Warblers, Vireos
Striped Sparrows, Warblers
Spotted Thrush, Thrasher
Other   Consider
Wing Bars   Pine Warbler
Wing Patches   Red Wing Blackbird
Rump Patches   Yellow Rump Warbler
Tail Pattern   Red-tailed Hawk
Head Crest Cardinal, Titmous, Cedar Waxwing
  Crown Stripe Kinglet, Sparrows
  Eye Stripe Carolina Wren, Sparrows, Vireos
  Eye Ring Thrush, Kinglet
  Eye Color Vireo, Junco
Bird Silhouettes
This 3-page document may help you recognize bird groups by their silhouette.
Identifying Bird Groups.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [178.9 KB]
Winter Sparrow Identification
This 2-page document by Dr. Dan Scheiman, gives key field marks for six pairs of similar species, plus four other species.
Sparrows Identification Tips.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [77.9 KB]
Arkansas Warbler Identification
This 5-page documet by Dr. Dan Scheiman provides a table of five criteria for 37 warblers found in Arkansas.
Warbler Identification Tips.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [66.8 KB]
Arkansas Shorebird Identification
This 5-page document by Dr. Dan Scheiman provides a table of criteria for 23 Arkansas shorebirds.
Shorebird Identification Tips.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [67.6 KB]
Look-alike Winter Bird Identification
This 1-page guide by Dr. Dan Scheiman compares five pairs of look-alike birds found in Arkansas.
Winter Birds Identification Tips.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [47.1 KB]
PEEP Identification
This 1-page diagram by Dr. Dan Scheiman details some of the characteristics used to separate the "peeps".
Peep Identification Tips.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [76.0 KB]


The Birds of Hot Springs Village Checklist  is a handy guide that may help you identify the birds in your backyard.